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Cataloging and Classification

Here, you can find general cataloging and classification resources. For resources relating to each chapter of the textbook, navigate through the "Chapters" pages.

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  • Murphy, G. (2004). Typicality and the classical view of categories. In The Big Book of Concepts, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press,  pp.11-28

  • Rosch, E. (1978). "Principles of categorization."  In Rosch, E. & Lloyd, B.B. (eds), Cognition and Categorization, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers; pp. 27–48

  • Zerubavel, E. (1991). Islands of meaning; The great divide. In The fine line: Making distinctions in everyday life, Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, pp. 5-20; pp. 21-32

  • Beghtol, C. (2003). "Classification for information retrieval and classification for knowledge discovery: Professional and naive classifications." Knowledge Organization, 2, 64-73

  • Clarke, R.I. (2021). “Library classification systems in the U.S.: Basic ideas and examples.” Cataloging & Classification Quarterly, 59(2-3), 203-224, DOI: 10.1080/01639374.2021.1881008

  • Hjørland, B. (2017). Classification. ISKO Encyclopedia of Knowledge Organization. Retrieved from

  • Hjørland, B. (2018). Indexing: Concepts and theories. ISKO Encyclopedia of Knowledge Organization. Retrieved from

  • Hunter, E. J. (2002). Do we still need classification? In Classification made simple, Aldershot: Ashgate, pp. 1-17

  • Jacob, E. K. (2004). "Classification and categorization: A difference that makes a difference." Library Trends, 52(3), 515-540.

  • Kwasnik, B.H. (2000). “The role of classification in knowledge represantation [sic] and discovery.” School of Information Studies - Faculty Scholarship. 147. Retrieved from

  • Shera, J. H. (1965). Pattern, structure, and conceptualization in classification. In Libraries and the organization of knowledge, Hamden, CT: Archon, pp. 112-128

Professional Organizations and Associations

Ethics, Bias, and Cultural Competence in Cataloging

Bias in Cataloging
  • Berman, S.  (2007). “Classism in the stacks: Libraries and poverty.” Journal of Information Ethics, 16(1), 103–10.

  • Berman, S. (1971). Prejudices and Antipathies: A Tract on the LC Subject Heads Concerning People. McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers. Retrieved from

  • Olson, H. A. (2001). “The power to name: Representation in library catalogs.” Signs, 26, 639-668. 

​Ethical Cataloging

Codes of Ethics

Critical Librarianship
  • Billey, A., Drabinski, E., and Roberto, K. R. (2014). “What’s gender got to do with it? A Critique of RDA 9.7.” Cataloging & Classification Quarterly, 52(4), 412–21.

  • Drabinski, E. (2008). “Teaching the radical catalog.” In Roberto, K.R. (editor). Radical cataloging: Essays at the front. McFarland & Company, 198-205. 

  • Drabinski, E. (2019). What is critical about critical librarianship? Art Libraries Journal, 44(2), 49–57.

  • Leckie, G., & Buschman, J. (2010). “Introduction: The necessity for theoretically informed critique in library and information science (LIS).” IN: Leckie, G.J., Given, L.M., & Buschman, J.E. (eds), Critical Theory for Library and Information Science. Libraries Unlimited. 

  • Schroeder, R. and Hollister, C. V. (2014). "Librarians’ views on critical theories and critical practices." Library Faculty Publications and Presentations, 152. Retrieved from

Cultural Competence
  • Getgen, C. (2022). Cultural humility in the LIS profession. Journal of Academic Librarianship, 48(4), N.PAG.

  • Gomes, P., & da Cunha Frota, M. G. (2019). Knowledge Organization from a Social Perspective: Thesauri and the Commitment to Cultural Diversity. Knowledge Organization, 46(8), 639–646.

  • Overall, O.P. (2009). “Cultural competence: A conceptual framework for library and information science professionals.” The Library Quarterly, 79(2), 175-204.

  • Proffitt, M. (2020, December 17). Towards respectful and inclusive description. Hanging Together: The OCLC Research Blog. Retrieved from

  • Singh, R. (2020). Promoting Civic Engagement through Cultivating Culturally Competent Self-Reflexive Information Professionals. Journal of the Australian Library & Information Association, 69(3), 302–315.

  • Singh, R. (2022). Race, Privilege, and Intersectionality: Navigating Inconvenient Truths through Self-Exploration. Journal of Education for Library & Information Science, 63(3), 277–300.

Catalogs and Retrieval Systems

  • Abrahamse, B. (2020, November/December). “In defense of cataloging.” Technicalities, 40(6), 8-10.  

  • Association for Library Collections & Technical Services (ALCTS). (n.d.). ALCTS issues. ALCTS. Retrieved from

  • Breeding, M. (2022, May 2). 2022 library systems report: An industry disrupted. American Libraries. Retrieved from 

  • Calhoun, K., Cantrell, J., Gallagher, P., and Hawk, J. (2009). Online catalogs: What users and librarians want. OCLC. Retrieved from

  • Cerbo, M.A. (2011, May 16). “Is there a future for library catalogers?” Cataloging & Classification Quarterly, 49(4), 323-327, DOI: 10.1080/01639374.2011.571504  

  • Devereaux P., Hayden C. D., & Library of Congress. (2017). The card catalog : books cards and literary treasures. Chronicle Books. 

  • Han, M-J. (2012). “New discovery services and library bibliographic control.” Library Trends, 61(1), 162-172. 

  • Hanson, E. R., & Daily, J. E. (2018). Catalogs and cataloging: History. Encyclopedia of Library and Information Sciences, 4th edition. CRC Press, 743-779. 

  • Joudrey, D.N, Taylor, A.G., and Miller, D.P. (2015). Introduction to cataloging and classification. 11thed. (Library and Information Science Text Series). Westport, Conn.: Libraries Unlimited 

  • Joseph, K. (2019). "Wikipedia knows the value of what the library catalog forgets." Cataloging & Classification Quarterly, 57(2-3), 166-183, DOI: 10.1080/01639374.2019.1597005

  • Park, J. ran. And Tosaka, Y. (2017). "Emerging information standards and technologies: cataloging and metadata professionals’ perspectives", Library Hi Tech News, 34(4), 22-26,

  • Princeton University Library. Local, Regional, and Global Library Catalogs, [A list of linked library catalogs to explore. Some links may not be as up-to-date]

  • Richard P. Smiraglia. (2003). “The history of ‘The Work’ in the modern catalog.” Cataloging & Classification Quarterly, 35(3-4), 553-567, DOI: 10.1300/J104v35n03_13. Retrieved from

Retrieval Systems
  • Coming soon.

Description and Access

Bibliographic Control
  • Han, M-J. (2012). “New discovery services and library bibliographic control.” Library Trends, 61(1), 162-172.

Descriptive Cataloging
  • Coming soon.

Subject Cataloging
  • Coming soon.

Copy Cataloging
  • Coming soon.

Current Standards for Resource Description
Encoding Structures
​MARC Bibliographic and MARC 21



​Getty Vocabularies

  • Zeng, M.L., & Qin, J. (2016). “3.7 Expressing Metadata”. In Metadata. Neal-Schuman, pp. 124-139. 



  • Library of Congress. (2023, January 10). Encoded Archival Description (EAD). Encoded Archival Description Official Site. Retrieved from


VRA Core

Resource Description


Describing Special Materials
Rare Books, Manuscripts, and Archives

Music and Sound Recordings

Graphic Materials and Maps

Electronic Resources
  • Network Development and MARC Standards Office. (2003, March, under revision 2022). MARC 21 formats:Guidelines for the use of field 856. Library of Congress. Retrieved from

  • Network Development and MARC Standards Office. (2007, December). Guidelines for coding electronic resources in leader/06. Library of Congress. Retrieved from

Continuing Resources

Moving Images

Authority Work and Control

Authority Work and Control
  • Glennan, K. (2018, November 8). Evolution of the RDA Toolkit and its impact on catalogers. RSC Presentations 2018, RDA Steering Committee. Retrieved from

  • RDA Steering Committee (RSC). (2017, February 3). Implementation of the LRM in RDA. RDA Steering Committee. Retrieved from

  • RDA Steering Committee. (n.d.). News and announcements. RDA Steering Committee. Retrieved from

  • Tillet. B. B. (2001). “Bibliographic relationships.” In Relationships in the Organization of Knowledge, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 19-35.

Knowledge Organization and Ontologies

Knowledge Organization and Ontologies
Subject Terminologies
Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH)​ Lists and Proposals



Subject Heading Manual (SHM)

FAST (Faceted Application of Subject Terminology)
Sears List of Subject Headings

Medical Subject Headings (MeSH)

Art and Architecture Thesaurus (AAT)





Museum Cataloging

African Studies




Subject Terminologies and Thesauri Available in Different Languages
Other Subject Terminologies and Thesauri

Bibliographic Classification
Dewey Decimal System (DDC)

Library of Congress Classification (LCC)

National Library of Medicine (NLM)

Other Classification Systems
Genre/Form Terms and Named Entities

Relevant Trends in Information

Data Processing
Open Refine
Linked Data
Semantic Web
Linked Open Vocabularies
Knowledge Graphs
Machine Learning
  • ​Morris, V. (2020). "Automated language identification of bibliographic resources." Cataloging & Classification Quarterly, 58(1), 1-27, DOI: 10.1080/01639374.2019.1700201

Automated Subject Indexing
  • ​Golub, K. (2021). “Automated subject indexing: An overview.” Cataloging & Classification Quarterly, 59(8), 702-719, DOI: 10.1080/01639374.2021.2012311

Artificial Intelligence (AI) for Subject Access
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